Clearly Defined: Matching Our Terminology to Our Intentions
by Lee Webster
Many of us who are committed to the concept of family-led after-death care realize that there has been growing confusion over what we call ourselves, and what the public is hearing and understanding. This concern has come to the attention of the NHFA from several directions, suggesting that, as the umbrella organization in the US, we take the lead in grappling with defining the many-faceted aspects of the vocation of end of life, dying, and after-death care.
What we call ourselves is both a reflection of our own self-worth and a way of advertising to the world what we offer. In a field as “new” and unknown as this, at least to those who have no memory of the ancient practice of caring for our own dead without professional assistance, presenting a clear, consistent message is crucial for many reasons.
As the pioneers who are shaping the national conversation about after-death care, it is up to us to unite in spirit and intention. Our words and the terms we use to describe ourselves and what we offer matter. We must find common terminology for what we do in order to be understood by those we seek to serve.
Getting Started While we understood that no one term would be satisfying to all of our constituents who provide services, our first and foremost goal was to meet the needs of the public. A public with no relationship to a concept will not respond to shocking or uncomfortable terms, leaving our providers without an audience. In meeting the needs of our members, it behooves us to bring our terms into alignment, if for no other reason than to ensure our own future success.
We began by polling our members, both through a formal online survey and by calling and writing to a large variety of involved persons. The results were unambiguous, giving us sure footing in developing an understanding of what end of life care advocates of all interests call themselves and how they see their involvement in the big picture. We also felt strongly that it was up to us to evaluate the effectiveness of current terms and imagine a fresh outlook.
Defining the Problem Results of the survey, along with many and varied discussions, helped answer some questions while bringing up new trains of thought. As we explored, more terms were discovered that individuals were using to satisfy their perceptions of their own unique offerings. Several concerns were identified through this process.
Establishing Credibility There is a lack of consistency in terminology distinguishing those who provide before and after-death care. This may create a perception from those we seek to serve that we are disorganized, unprofessional, or on the fringe. Since people are trying to wrap their heads around new concepts, having multiple, hazy usage may make it even harder for the public to envision and adopt these new ways in lieu of conventional practices that rely on a professional industry that has a well-established language and marketing brand.
Creating Our Own Brand Without a clear understanding of what end of life educators offer based on their title, the people we are trying to reach will not know who or what to ask for if they want a specific service. Clearly separating what we call ourselves when providing before or after-death care offerings is one step toward clarity. Someone who provides a fuller range of services also needs a term that is easily recognizable.
For those trying to raise awareness about their services, undefined or misunderstood terms make it difficult to help educate and inform the public. This includes having a thoughtful, coherent and consistent reply for members of the media who are in a position to expand our reach. And since the internet is one of our major tools in getting the word out, search engines must be able to find us easily with a few succinct key words.
Our own members in this fast-growing movement are clamoring for consistent and understandable terminology for ‘what we do’. Clear role definitions will inspire confidence by reflecting our ability to market ourselves effectively and deliver on our promises of quality care in whatever area we feel we are qualified.
Choosing Wisely So what was the criteria for choosing titles that adequately convey a consistent message and have a chance of becoming instantly recognizable? We developed the following set of considerations to guide us:
Titles must sound mainstream, be non-threatening, and be easy to understand.
Descriptors need to get the idea across in everyday language.
Terminology needs to easily integrate into a medical environment and language lexicon.
Terms must translate well across regional cultures and generations, faiths and worldviews.
The role of the NHFA is to educate, not regulate, but it is also to provide leadership. We recognize that we will never reach 100% agreement about what terms to use. What we do agree on is that this proposal does not require others to use a specific term – we simply define the terminology that the National Home Funeral Alliance will be using going forward, and encourage our members to do so as well. This approach also gives us the freedom to grow, change and redefine as this movement matures.
Conceived and designed by Donna Belk
Glossary of Terms
Terms and Definitions for End of Life Service Providers After careful consideration of the data and research from a wide variety of resources and individuals, the NHFA has chosen to employ the following terms:
Death and Dying Guide —One who works with the dying person and family to accompany them throughout the death experience, facilitates family-led after-death home or facility care, and may attend to spiritual and ceremonial needs as requested
End-of-Life Doula — One who accompanies a dying person and/or family and friends through a personal, intentional, and conscious dying process to achieve a conscious death
Home Funeral Guide — One who empowers families and/or friends to care for their own dead, including educating, consulting, and guiding them through after-death care
Celebrant — One who works with family and/or friends to co-create a highly customized ceremony (for funeral, memorial, celebration of life)
Terms and Definitions for Advocates and Educators
Home Funeral Advocate, Home Funeral Educator — While not included in the lexicon of end of life care providers who educate families through consulting, coaching, demonstration and myriad other means privately, home funeral advocates/educators do vitally important work by educating publicly through presentations, workshops, local tabling opportunities, and other events aimed at developing a global understanding of the home funeral movement.
Glossary of Related Funeral and Disposition Terms
Home Vigil — (also known as lying in honor, visitation) the period between death and final disposition that may include family and community visitation in the home or place of rest for the purpose of acknowledging the death, supporting the family, and validating grief while offering the opportunity for private goodbyes
Community Care Group — often called threshold groups or threshold circles, community care groups are trained to care for and support others within their group or the larger community during the home funeral period (death to final disposition)
Conventional Burial — final disposition by full body burial in the earth in a casket or, which is usually buried in a concrete, plastic or fiberglass vault for purposes of maintenance of the lawn cemetery
Crematory — (aka crematorium, cremator or retort) a place where flame cremation takes place
Green Funeral — after-death care that employs environmentally-responsible practices, that may include organic, noninvasive preservation techniques of the body; use of locally sourced materials such as native pine caskets or hand sewn shrouds made by regional craftspeople; wildflowers; natural burial; or other regional opportunities or practices
Green or Natural Burial — final disposition by full body burial in a hybrid cemetery, natural or conservation burial ground or preserve that allows decomposition processes to occur naturally; eschews embalming fluid, concrete or plastic vaults, rainforest wood and metal caskets, pesticide or herbicide use
Home Burial — final disposition by full body burial in the earth on private family property
Disposition – the final step in after-death care where the remains of the deceased are either buried in the ground or entered into a cremation retort (legal place of disposition in a cremation is the crematory)
Home Funeral — family or community-directed after-death care from the time of death through final disposition; may occur in home or other setting; may or may not include professional assistance; may or may not include a vigil, ceremony, or memorial service
Interment — the act of burying a dead person
Inurnment — the act of placing cremated remains in an urn; may also refer to placing the urn in a location such as the ground or in an above ground columbarium
Scattering — when cremated remains are released to the air, sea or earth without burial
Threshold Choir — chapter of a national non-profit organization choir that sing to people on the threshold of dying, to soothe and reassure the dying, their family, friends and caregivers
The NHFA is a nonprofit 501c3 organization committed to supporting home funeral education. The NHFA does not offer certification opportunities. Membership in the NHFA and participation in its activities does not constitute endorsement of any kind.